Case Highlight: Fired for Quitting your Company’s WhatsApp Group
Nowadays, there are so many communication tools in the workplace, with WhatsApp groups, Slack, Dingtalk and many more. Apparently, these applications are supposed to ease communication and increase productivity.
Thinking of quitting your company’s WhatsApp group? Think twice as this may be legitimate grounds to fire you.
In this highlight, we examine the recent Industrial Court decision in Thilagavathy A/P Arunasalam v Maxis Mobile Sdn Bhd (Award No. 1050 of 2019, 27 March 2019), which involved an employee who was dismissed for quitting the company’s WhatsApp group without their superior’s permission.
Brief Facts that Lead to the Dismissal.
The Employee was employed as an Executive Sales & Services in the Company and it was a common practice for the Company to create WhatsApp Groups for ease of communication between employees.
Two WhatsApp groups were created by the Head of Branch at the time of the Employee’s employment: one for all employees and another one which included Managers and Supervisors.
The Head of Branch informed all his employees that they will have to let him know if they intend to exit the WhatsApp Group.
The Employee exited the WhatsApp Group without permission and was warned not to repeat it again. However, despite the warning, the Employee sent a message stating that she would exit the WhatsApp group during her holiday and subsequently exited the WhatsApp Group.
When the Employee was questioned about her exit from the WhatsApp Group without approval, she replied that she was not aware that approval was required and her exit was not a breach of Company policy.
At the same time, the employee had failed to submit her sales and service reports on time, despite repeated reminders.
As a result of the above, the Company dismissed her. This led her to filed a claim of unfair dismissal.
Court’s Discovery and Decision.
The Employee aware that WhatsApp was used as an official communication and knew that approval from the Head of Branch was needed before exiting the WhatsApp group. Therefore, her action in exiting the WhatsApp Group without informing her superior was a misconduct since it violated the superior instructions.
Since she refused to follow Head of Department instructions, the Court found that she was in breach of her terms of employment with the Company.
In order to find an appropriate sentence for the Employee, the Court had to consider her record on job history in consideration. The evidence cited during trial showed that the Employee was also facing other performance issues such as failed to submit her sales and service report on time, even after she was repeatedly asked to do so by her supervisor. She had a disciplinary record, including a warning in the past for exiting the WhatsApp Group without permission. She had also previously sent harsh and rude messages to her superior.
The Court found that the Employee’s disobedience and insubordination to her superiors justified a dismissal since she breached the implied duty of mutual respect and also caused disruptions to the teamwork and cooperation at the workplace.
Therefore, the Industrial Court dismissed her claim for unfair dismissal.
It may seem not much a big deal to quit your company’s WhatsApp Group. In situations where the company uses WhatsApp as an official form of communication. In other words, it is not for the employee to ignore or disobey their employer’s lawful instructions on the basis that the instructions are not practical, efficient or reasonable.
In the case above, the Industrial Court also took into consideration the employee’s past report. Factors such as the employee’s attitude and language would also be considered, as well as repeated acts of defiance or the refusal to cooperate with superiors. Thus, even a “simple” act such as quitting a group chat may warrant dismissal when all circumstances are taken as a whole.
Employees should respect the authority of their superiors and are required to comply with lawful instructions of their employers. The employee cannot decide on the reasonableness of the instructions, otherwise, it would be impossible for any employer to manage their workforce. In dismissing the Employee’s claim for unfair dismissal, the Industrial Court observed:
“The Company… [is] entitled to give all reasonable and legal directions regarding the manner in which the work of the establishment should be conducted and if their directions are flouted and workers such as the Claimant behave in an insubordinate manner, then the proper functioning of the establishment becomes impossible, and therefore such obedience or insubordinate behaviour is a serious misconduct…”